This came from both the democratic changes of the age of revolution, as well as an interest in folk culture. One characteristic of American Romanticism is a particular fascination with the American frontier or wilderness. Champions individual freedom and the worth of the individual. American Culture: Religion and the Romanticism Movement For decades, religious aspects have constantly changed, been opposed, and have also influenced the American Culture. But it's only been a country for a little over two hundred years (if we start counting with the Declaration of Independence in 1776): America is still a teenager in country-years. Whitman wrote in free verse, which is poetry in a loose rambling style, with no constructs such as form or meter to give it shape. Obviously, the American Romantics departed from their friends across the pond when they wrote about the American Revolution in literature. American Romanticism was a literary movement that focused on intuition, imagination, and individualism. Already registered? One big difference between American Romanticism and the Romanticism that developed on the other side of the pond (in Britain) is that the ... Symbolism. 3. By the beginning of the nineteenth century, Americans had become an independent nation. American Romantics also weren't afraid to expose American hypocrisy. More valuable than reason ; Stick to your guts/conscience over logic/mind succeed. At a time when slavery was still legal, Thoreau spoke out in his writings about the ways in which this cruel institution contradicted the very principles at the core of American democracy. #5. Select a subject to preview related courses: Much like their young country, American Romantics sought to break with the traditions of the old world. Title: Characteristics of American Romanticism 1 Characteristics of American Romanticism 2 Feeling and Intuition. Log in here for access. Characteristics of Romanticism Romantic Characteristic Description of Characteristic Interest in the common man and childhood Romantics believed in the natural goodness of humans which is hindered by the urban life of civilization. To be considered a Romantic author, one must be an optimist, focus on feelings, the senses, imagination, and generally enjoy describing his/her experiences in the natural environment, particularly enjoy individual freedoms of expression. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. His imagination allows him to explore the very meaning of time and man's place in it. Prefers youthful innocence to educated sophistication. This period in literary history is fascinating and dramatic, and once you know the telltale signs, you’ll be able to identify work that typifies it. The aforementioned Walt Whitman provides a great example in his approach to writing poetry. Visit the College English Literature: Help and Review page to learn more. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The characteristics of Romanticism include a focus on strong emotion, awe of nature, and a break from following rigid structure. In short, American Romanticism emerged in response to the nationalist values beginning to develop a distinct American literary style. All rights reserved. The characteristics of Romanticism include a focus on strong emotion, awe of nature, and a break from following rigid structure. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Places faith in inner experience and the power of Imagination, Shuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks unspoiled nature, Prefers youthful innocence to educated sophistication, Champions individual freedom and the worth of the individual, Reflects on nature's beauty as a path to spiritual and moral development, Looks backwards to the wisdom of the past and distrusts progress, Find beauty and truth in exotic locales, the superior natural realm, and inner world of imagination, Sees poetry as highest expression of Imagination, Finds inspiration in myth, legend, and folklore. The British Romantics had a lot to say about nature in all its sublime glory, and the American Romantics continued this tradition. The Romantic Movement was first originated in Germany, quickly reached England, France, and afar, it spread in America roughly during 1820, some twenty years after William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge had transfigured English poetry by bringing out Lyrical Ballads. What is one element that makes Look Homeward, Angel by Thomas Wolfe a romantic novel? The way the Romantics saw it, valuing sentiment over rationality helped provide a glimpse into life's deeper meanings. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Writers were revolting against the Enlightenment, or Age of Reason, and putting imagination above reason. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Not surprisingly, the American Romantics placed much importance on individualism. The Dangers of Technology:A natural consequence of celebrating nature was a disdain for technology and industrialism. What does the poem the Song of Hiawatha mean? ... Characteristics of the period . What is the Main Frame Story of The Canterbury Tales? Characteristics of Romanticism . Nature. Romanticism began with a group of British artists who began to take brave steps with landscapes depicting increasingly wilder ... Individualism. In general, Romantic literature is emotional, imaginative, and interested in beauty. 6) as interested in social criticism and the exploration of moral values as it is in the study of relationships, love and Quests for a higher truth . Emphasizing local folklore, traditions, and landscapes, Romanticists provided the visual imagery that further spurred national identity and pride. Their emphasis on emotion placed the heart over the head. It may not seem so now, but at the time it was fairly radical. This lesson will identify and explain several characteristics of the American Romantic period. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. It was Emerson who laid the foundations of American Romanticism. The Romantic Movement was the first major literary movement in a very young America, spanning from 1820-1860, when American identity was still very much a work in progress. Romanticism describes an artistic and intellectual movement that started in the latter part of the 18th century and had a powerful effect on many areas of art, literature, music, and thought. Romantic poets made frequent use of personification with nature, ascribing human traits to daffodils, fields, streams, and lakes. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The great Walt Whitman made it his mission to be 'America's Poet,' and many of his poems celebrate the democratic spirit on which America was founded. ... Characteristics of the period . AMERICAN ROMANTICISM 1800–1860 AMERICAN ROMANTICISM 1800–1860. The movement was definitely influenced by the British Romantics, but it brought a varied set of characteristics to the Romantic genre, which would mark this movement as uniquely American. Utilizing the ideas of Wordsworth , Coleridge , and Thomas Carlyle , he developed organicist ideas of nature, language, and imagination, and called for American writers to depart from the strict genres and formal hierarchies of European literary tradition and to forge their own modes of expression. Romanticism in America By Nasrullah Mambrol on November 29, 2017 • ( 5). Far from having the stereotypical stiff upper lip, the British Romantics were a group of pretty emotional people. Sense of honor higher than society’s honor. In the context of literature, however, Romantic (with a capital R) has a much wider meaning. Though the writers of this era preserved some more typical Romantic themes, they also made a new, uniquely American contribution to the Romantic tradition. Understanding the characteristics of Romanticism in literature can help you become a better reader, and it can give you a leg up on literary essays and discussions. The French Revolution of 1789 marked a watershed for the future of Europe, a fact keenly discerned by writers on both sides of the Atlantic, such as Irving Babbitt and Matthew Arnold.Not only did that Revolution initiate the political ascendancy of the bourgeoisie, a struggle continued through the violent … James Fenimore Cooper wrote a novel called The Prairie that was all about this western frontier, and this theme pops up across many other American Romantic works. The ideals and ideas of the Revolution were inspiring to the American Romantics, and fodder for great works. Key historical events and influences . These and other characteristics arose, to an extent, from a desire to rebel against the scientific rationalization of the natural world that was occurring due to rapid increases in scientific progress. Romanticism, attitude that characterized works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in the West from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. #4. #3. AMERICAN ROMANTICISM 1800–1860 AMERICAN ROMANTICISM 1800–1860. Romantic Literature: Traits of Romantic Literature, continued… 4) a striving for moral good in a generally corrupt world, 5) an emphasis on the value of nature to evoke both comfort and real communication. Similarly, Melville's Moby Dick defies traditional classification. Shuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks unspoiled nature. Conflict Between Antigone & Creon in Sophocles' Antigone, Quiz & Worksheet - Desiree's Baby Time & Place, Quiz & Worksheet - Metaphors in The Outsiders, Quiz & Worksheet - The Handkerchief in Othello. Major Early Romantic Poets Much like the Italian Renaissance of the 15 th century, the emergence of American Romanticism saw the celebration of the common man. Examples of American romanticist writers include Emily Dickinson, Margaret Fuller and … Finally, American Romantics broke with the British tradition with their emphasis on the Western frontier, or Westward expansion. The romantic era produced many of the stereotypes of poets and poetry that exist to this day (i.e., the poet as a … Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Judge Danforth in The Crucible? American Romanticism: A Webliography (1820-1865) Description: Like other terms describing literary movements, the term Romanticism defies simple definition for a number of reasons. Their works celebrate the rugged beauty of the landscape. American Romanticism emphasized the ideals of freedom, democracy, and equality set forth by the American Revolution. This great expanse of unexplored land represented freedom and possibility in American Romantic writing. Key historical events and influences . The Novel. As they saw it, imagination leads to insight. Romanticism is a way of thinking that values the individual over the group, the subjective over the objective, and a person’s emotional experience over reason. Values feeling and intuition over reason. Like Whitman, Melville was testing the boundaries of form. Your first answer might have something to do with flowers, chocolates, or a fantasy suite on The Bachelor. Another famous American Romantic, Ralph Waldo Emerson, urges Americans to stay true to themselves in his essay Self-Reliance. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Romanticism was a renewal, a revolution is artistic forms in paintings, literature and theatre. British examples feelings over rational thought involves placing importance on the power imagination... 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